Surgical Education

The following key articles illustrate the course of surgical education in Australia and New Zealand:

In 1933, Professor F. Gordon Bell devoted his Syme Oration to the problems associated with the training of surgeons. He discussed methods of staffing, the use of hospitals to study “certain important diseases”, and ways of utilising hospitals for the better training of surgeons. His discussions included the role of university hospitals, compulsory health insurance, and the need for hospitals to promote research and education.

On Hospital Problems and Surgical Education

F. Gordon Bell
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1933.tb02603.x  (Volume 3 Issue 1 (July 1933) p 1-23)

In 1934, Alan Newton explained a new set of reequirements for admission to fellowship of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. It was a definitive move away from a senior surgical degree or diploma obtained from a university towards a more practical college-based system under the guidance of the Censor-in-Chief.

The System of Admission to Fellowship of the College

Alan Newton
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1934.tb03449.x (Volume 4 Issue 1 (July 1934) p 77-80)

In 1949, Hugh Devine provided a brief but useful summary of the progress of the system of admission to fellowship.

Fellowship of the Royal Australisian College of Surgeons

H. B. Devine
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1948.tb06335.x (Volume 18 Issue 1 (July 1948) p 57-60)

In 1986, E Durham Smith, who was then Chairman of the Court of Examiners for the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, outlined the nature of the final fellowship examination and discussed the need to better accommodate the development of specialty interests.

The College Examination System — A Time For Flexibility

E. Durham Smith
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1986.tb01847.x (Volume 56 Issue 12 (December 1986) p 880-883)

In 1988, John Heslop gave the Gordon-Taylor Memorial Lecture on the history of basic surgical science examinations in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Initially, examinations were held in Melbourne by the English College. The first primary exam run by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons was held in melbourne in November 1949. After much discussion, a multiple choice exam was introduced in the early 1970’s. This enabled greater flexibility and breadth in the material that was examined.

The History of Basic Surgical Science Examinations in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons

J. H. Heslop
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1988.tb06189.x (Volume 58 Issue 7 (July 1988) p 529-536)

In 2007, the Dean of Education and others detailed a new Surgical Education and Training programme. It places emphasis on competency-based education and training, better integration between basic and specialty training, and new approaches towards selection and assessment. It represents a major evolutionary step in the training of surgeons in Australia and New Zealand.

A New Surgical Education and Training Programme

John P. Collins, Ian R. Gough, Ian D. Civil, Russell W. Stitz
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2007.04171.x (Volume 77 Issue 7 (July 2007) p 497-501)

Additional references:

A Background to Medical Practice and the Training of Surgical Apprentices and Pupils in Van Diemens Land

W.E.L.H. Crowther
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1952.tb03339.x (Volume 21 Issue 3 (February 1952) p 185-200)

Surgical Training, Past and Future

A. C. McEachern
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1976.tb03184.x (Volume 46 Issue 1 (February 1976) p 1-12)

Quality Control in the Part I F.R.A.C.S. Examination

Kenneth R. Cox
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1976.tb03331.x (Volume 46 Issue 3 (August 1976) p 269-278)

An Analysis of the Results of the Part I Examination for the F.R.A.C.S.

John P. Royle
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1976.tb03332.x (Volume 46 Issue 3 (August 1976) p 278-280)

The Potential of an Educational Computer in Medical Education

Eric M. Nanson
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1977.tb04347.x (Volume 47 Issue 4 (August 1977) p 545-547)

Basic Training and the Part I Examination

William Burnett
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1977.tb04281.x (Volume 47 Issue 2 (April 1977) p 251-255)

The Anstey Giles Lecture: The Assessment of Standards in Surgery

G. D. Tracy
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1980.tb06642.x (Volume 50 Issue 2 (April 1980) p 102-108)

Advanced Surgical Training in Australia and New Zealand and the Part I FRACS Examination

J. M. Ham
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1988.tb00096.x (Volume 58 Issue 12 (December 1988) p 937-940)

Personal View: Education for Clinical Science: Experience in Australia and England

H. A. F. Dudley
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1989.tb07630.x (Volume 59 Issue 12 (December 1989) p 909-912)

The Making of a Rural Surgeon

Irwin Faris
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1997.tb01930.x (Volume 67 Issue 4 (April 1997) p 153-156)

Learning the Surgical Craft: A Review of Skills Training Options

Peter Cosman, Jonathan M. Hemli, Andrew M. Ellis, Thomas J. Hugh
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2007.04254.x (Volume 77 Issue 10 (October 2007) p 838-845)

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